The United Nations Security Council must immediately leave the Syrian dossier to the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), in accordance with a request made Monday, January 14 in the morning by dozens of countries members of the United Nations, Amnesty International said.
In a joint letter to the Council, the Switzerland and 56 other countries from all continents found the failure of the Syrian authorities in their duty to investigate and prosecute the crimes against humanity and war crimes committed since March 2011.
Since then, according to this letter, "the situation on the ground did that get worse, taking a more desperate turn, attacks against civilians and the commission of atrocities being almost become the norm".
"It's been almost two years that the Security Council remains passive faced with crimes against humanity, as well as before observed since the beginning of the internal armed conflict, war crimes committed with total impunity against the Syrian people", recalled José Luis Díaz, representative of Amnesty International to the United Nations in New York.
"Cannot let this situation last. He must immediately seize the ICC so that the persons concerned, regardless of their camp, are investigated and – if sufficient admissible evidence are met – be prosecuted for these crimes, the most serious in terms of international law. »
Amnesty International has also started to apply from April 2011 that the question be referred to the Prosecutor of the ICC. Since the beginning of the troubles, the Organization has identified violations of systematic and widespread human rights constituting crimes against humanity.
Amnesty International has also gathered evidence of serious violations to international law, including war crimes, committed by the Syrian authorities since the situation has degenerated into internal armed conflict in most of the country. Opposition groups army, including those associated with the free Syrian army, have also been accused of committing violations of international humanitarian law, including war crimes suspected – hostage-taking and illegal killing of captives including.
The inaction of the United Nations
An independent international investigation Commission, established under the United Nations aegis, has also been updated evidence that crimes against humanity and war crimes have been perpetrated in Syria, and the UN High Commissioner for human rights has also repeatedly asked that the Security Council refers the situation in Syria to the ICC.
The Security Council however refrained from acting until now, is liable only to statements that "those responsible for the violence will have to account for their actions. "The Russia and China in particular have blocked resolutions which would have enabled to exert more international pressure on the Syrian authorities.
"Pusillanimous speech to the Security Council on the Syria failed to obtain justice for the victims, and also gave the perpetrators of human rights abuses discretion to continue to commit serious crimes of international law without having to bear the consequences," said José Luis Díaz.
"Persist in inaction would send a shocking message, that the international community has lost the will to protect civilians in situations of conflict. »
In addition to the referral to the ICC, Amnesty International has repeatedly asked all States to exercise universal jurisdiction over persons suspected of having committed crimes of war and crimes against humanity in Syria.
Interview with Mrs. Fatiha Chtatou, president of the Injaz Center against gender based violence, related to the subject of the safe abortion, the consensual relations and the position of the feminist movement (Arabic)
the caravan of radio and gender
ACCOMPANIMENT OF THE 2015 ELECTIONS PREPARATIONS
Copyright 2015 Portail Joussour tous les droits sont réservés